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Chelus fimbriata (Schneider, 1783)

Holotype: ?
Nom d'origine: Testudo fimbriata
Collected: ?
Type Locality: "Aprouague, Rémire, French Guiana"
Etymology: ?
Publication: Schneider, J.G. 1783. Allgemeine Naturgeschichte der Schildkröten, nebst einem Systematischen Verseichnisse der einzelnen Arten und zwei Kupfern. Müller, Leipzig: 364p.
Common Name english: Matamata Turtle
Nom commun français: Matamata

Acanthochelys radiolata (Mikan, 1820)

Holotype: NMW 23390 (Naturhistorisches Museum Wien, Autriche)
Nom d'origine: Emys radiolata
Collected: Don. Joan Natterer
Type Locality: "Sebastianopoli" (Brésil)
Etymology: ?
Publication: Mikan, J.C. 1820. Delectus Florae et Faunae Brasiliensis. Antoinii Strauss, Wien: 54p.
Common Name english: Brazilian Radiolated Swamp Turtle
Nom commun français: Platémyde radiolée

Acanthochelys macrocephala (Rhodin, Mittermeier & McMorris, 1984)

Holotype:   NMW 1293 (Naturhistorisches Museum Wien, Autriche)
Nom d'origine: Platemys macrocephala
Collected: Johann Natterer, 16.4.1826
Type Locality: "Caiçara, Rio Paraguai, Mato Grosso, Brazil (16° 03'S, 57° 43'W)"
Etymology: “The name macrocephala refers to the extremely large head size of this species as compared to other Platemys.”
Publication: Rhodin A., Mittermeier A. R. and McMorris J.R., 1984a. Platemys macrocephala, A new species of Chelid Turtles from Central Bolivia and The Pantanal Region of Brazil , Herpetol ogical, 40(1):38-46.
Common Name english: Pantanal Swamp Turtle
Nom commun français:  Platémyde à grosse tête

Acanthochelys pallidipectoris (Freiberg, 1945)

Holotype:   MACN 1731 (Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales Capital Federal BA, Argentine)
Nom d'origine: Platemys pallidipectoris
Collected: “col. Augusto V. Aula, julio de 1944”
Type Locality: "Pcia. Roque Sáenz Peña, Chaco" (Argentine)
Etymology: ?
Publication: Freiberg M. A. 1945. Una nueva especie de Tortuga del género Platemys Wagler, Physis 20: 19-23.
Common Name english: Chaco Side-necked Turtle
Nom commun français: Platémyde à éperons

Acanthochelys spixii (Duméril & Bibron, 1835)

Holotype: MNHN 8751 (Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris, France)
Nom d'origine: Platemys spixii
Collected: ?
Type Locality: "Brésil"
Etymology: ?
Publication: Duméril, A.M.C. & G. Bibron. 1835. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris. Vol. 2, 680 p.
Common Name english: Spiny-neck Turtle
Nom commun français: Platémyde de Spix

© R. Bour

Hydromedusa tectifera (Cope, 1869)

Holotype:  ?
Nom d'origine: Hydromedusa tectifera
Collected: ?
Type Locality: "Monte Video"
Etymology: ?
Publication: Cope, E.D. 1869. Seventh contribution to the herpetology of tropical America. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 11: 147.
Common Name english: South American Snake-necked Turtle
Nom commun français: Hydromeduse à dos rugueux

Hydromedusa maximiliani (Mikan, 1820)

Holotype:  NMW 23391 (Naturhistorisches Museum Wien, Autriche)
Nom d'origine: Emys maximiliani
Collected: Don Joan Natterer
Type Locality: "Capitania St. Paulo"
Etymology: ?
Publication: Mikan, J.C. 1820. Delectus Florae et Faunae Brasiliensis. Antoinii Strauss, Wien: 54p.
Common Name english: Brazilian Snake-necked Turtle
Nom commun français: Hydromeduse de Maximilien

Mesoclemmys dahli (Zangerl & Medem, 1958)

Holotype:  FMNH 75980 (Field Museum of Natural History Chicago, USA)
Nom d'origine: Phrynops (Batrachemys) dahli
Collected: “Dr. Fred. Medem during the summer 1956” ?
Type Locality: "Vicinity of Sincelejo, Bolivar, Colombia"
Etymology: “Named in honor of Prof. George Dahl”
Publication: Zangerl, R. & F. Medem. 1958. A new species of chelid turtle, Phrynops (Batrachemys) dahli, from Colombia. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 119:375-390.
Common Name english: Dahl's Toad-headed Turtle
Nom commun français: Platémyde de Dahl

Mesoclemmys gibba (Schweigger, 1812)

Holotype:   MNHN 8756 (Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris, France)
Nom d'origine: Emys gibba
Collected: ?
Type Locality: "Patria ignota" (origine inconnue)
Etymology: Dos bossu ("scutellis vertebralibus posticis tuberculato-carinatis")
Publication: Schweigger, A.F. 1812. Prodromus monographiae Cheloniorum. Koenigsberg. Arch. Naturw. Math. 1:299.
Common Name english: Gibba Turtle
Nom commun français: Platémyde bossue




© R. Bour

Mesoclemmys heliostemma (McCord, J. Ouni & Lamar, 2001)

Holotype:  USNM 541895 (Natinal Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, USA)
Nom d'origine: Batrachemys heliostemma
Collected: Roy W. McDiarmid on 17 March, 1984
Type Locality: “the base of Pico da Neblina (situated on the Venezuela/Brazil border) on
the left bank of Río Baria (=Río Mawarinuma) [4° 95'N, 66° 10' W], a tributary of the Rio Negro, Amazonas, Venezuela”
Etymology: The name is a coinbination of Greek helios, "sun," and Greek stemma (grammatical gender neutral), "wreath," in reference to the bright yellow-orange facial bands found in many juveniles that extend like a wreath from the supra-tympanum over and across the eyes, ending and joining at the tip of the nose. As the grammatical gender of Batrachemys is feminine, the binominal combination is Batrachemys heliostemma.
Publication: McCord WP., J-O. Mehdi and WW. Lamar, 2001 - A Taxonomic Reevaluation of Phrynops (Testudines:Chelidae) with th description of two new species of Batrachemys., Rev. Biol. Trop., 49(2): 715-764
Common Name english: Amazon Toadhead Turtle
Nom commun français: Platémyde à tête jaune de l'Amazone




© W.P. McCord

Mesoclemmmys hogei (Mertens, 1967)

Holotype:  SMF 62530 (Natur-Museum und Forschung-Institut Senckenberg Frankfurt-am-Main, Allemagne)
Nom d'origine: Phrynops hogei
Collected: Instituto Butantan, 1.5.1966
Type Locality: "Rio Pequena, südwestlich von São Paulo, Brasilien"
Etymology: en honeur du Dr. A.R. Hoge
Publication: Mertens, R. 1967. Bemerkenswerte süsswasserschild-kröten aus Brasilien. Senck. Biol. 48: 71-82.
Common Name english: Hoge's Side-necked Turtle
Nom commun français: Platémyde de Hoge

Mesoclemmys nasuta (Schweigger, 1812)

Holotype:  MNHN 4140 (Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris, France)
Nom d'origine: Emys nasuta
Collected: ?
Type Locality: "Patria ignota" (localité inconnue)
Etymology: The specific epithet nasutus (from nasus: nose) is a reference to the conspicuous snout, ‘tubo narium cylindrico’ (tube of the nares cylindrical) and ‘naso tuberculato, in cylindrum brevem protracto’ (nose making a tubercle, projecting as a short cylinder) according to SCHWEIGGER. (Bour, 2007)
Publication: Schweigger, A.F. 1812. Prodromus monographiae Cheloniorum. Koenigsberg. Arch. Naturw. Math. 1:2 298.
Common Name english: Common Toad-headed Turtle
Nom commun français: Platémyde de Schweigger




© R. Bour

Mesoclemmys perplexa Bour & Zaher, 2005

Holotype:  MZUSP 4111 (Museu de Zoologia da
Universidade de São Paulo)
Nom d'origine: Mesoclemmys perplexa
Collected: in 08 October 2000 by H. Zaher and team
Type Locality: "Forested and humid areas of the regions called “Olho d’Água da Santa”and “Baixão do Fausto”, southern part of the Parque Nacional da Serra das Confusões, State of Piauí, Brasil."
Etymology: Perplexa (latin) means confused, intricate, obscure, or ambiguous, and refers to the place where the taxon was observed, Serra das Confusões; it also alludes to its ambiguous generic attribution, and that of its allies.
Publication: Bour R. & Zaher H., 2005. A new species of Mesoclemmys from the open formations of northeastern Brazil (Chelonii, Chelidae), Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia, Mus. Zool. Uni. de Sao Paulo, Vol. 45(24):295-311.
Common Name english: Brazilian Snake-necked Turtle
Nom commun français: Platémyde des canyons

Mesoclemmys raniceps (Gray, 1855)

Holotype:   ?
Nom d'origine: Hydraspis raniceps
Collected: ?
Type Locality: "Brazils; Para"
Etymology: ?
Publication: Gray, J.E. 1855. Catalogue of Shield Reptiles in the Collection of the British Museum. Part 1. Testudinata (Tortoises). Taylor and Francis, London.: 55 & XXIII Plate.
Common Name english: Amazon Toad-headed Turtle
Nom commun français: Platémyde de l'Amazone

Mesoclemmys tuberculata (Luederwaldt, 1926)

Syntypes: MZUSP 43; MZUSP 81 (Museu de Zoologia, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Brésil)
Nom d'origine: Rhinemys tuberculata
Collected: “E. Garbe leg. 1908”
Type Locality: "Villa Nova (Est. da Bahia)" (Brésil)
Etymology: ?
Publication: Luederwaldt, H. 1926. Os chelonios brasilieros com a lista das espécies do Museu Paulista. Rev. Mus. Paulista. São Paulo 14: 404-468, 11 pls., 4 figs.
Common Name english: Tuberculate Toad-headed Turtle
Nom commun français: Platémyde à tubercules

Mesoclemmys vanderhaegei (Bour, 1973)

Holotype:  MNHN 1977-50 (Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris, France)
Nom d'origine: Phrynops tuberculatus vanderhaegei
Collected: inconnu
Type Locality: "probablement les environs d'Asunción au Paraguay"
Etymology: en l’honneur de Maurice Vanderhaege
Publication: Bour, R. 1973. Contribution à la connaissance de Phrynops nasutus (Schweigger, 1812) et Phrynops tuberculatus (Luederwaldt, 1926). Description d'une nouvelle sous-espèce originaire du Paraguay, Phrynops tuberculatus vanderhaegei. (Testudinata-Pleurodira-Chelidae). Bull. Soc. Zool. France. Paris. 98:175 190.
Common Name english: Vanderhaege's Toad-headed Turtle
Nom commun français: Platémyde de Vanderhaege

© R. Bour

Mesoclemmys zuliae (Pritchard & Trebbau, 1984)

Holotype:  UF 53439 (Florida Museum of Natural History Gaineswille, USA)
Nom d'origine: Phrynops zuliae
Collected: ?
Type Locality: "Caño Madre Vieja near El Guayabo, Distrito Colon, Edo. Zulia, Venezuela (8° 53'N, 72° 30'W)"
Etymology: ?
Publication: Pritchard, P.C.H. & P. Trebbau. 1984. The Turtles of Venezuela. SSAR Contributions to Herpetology, 2; lthaca, New York 403 p.
Common Name english: Zulia Toad-headed Turtle
Nom commun français: Platémyde de Zulia

Phrynops geoffroanus (Schweigger, 1812)

Holotype: MNHN 9417 (Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris, France), femelle (L = 391 mm).
Nom d'origine: Emys geoffroana
Collected: ?
Type Locality: "Brasilia"
Etymology: en l’honneur de Etienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire (1772-1844)
Publication: Schweigger, A.F. 1812. Prodromus monographiae Cheloniorum. Koenigsberg. Arch. Naturw. Math. 1:302.
Common Name english: Geoffroy's Side-necked Turtle
Nom commun français: Platémyde de Geoffroy





© R. Bour

Phrynops hilarii (Duméril & Bibron, 1835)

Holotype:  MNHN 8757 (Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris, France), femelle subadulte (L = 177 mm).
Nom d'origine: Platemys hilarii
Collected: ?
Type Locality: "Brésil"
Etymology: en l'honneur de Augustin François César Prouvençal De Saint-Hilaire (1779-1853)
Publication: Duméril, A.M.C. & G. Bibron. 1835. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris. Vol. 2, 680 p.
Common Name english
: Hilaire's Side-necked Turtle
Nom commun français: Platémyde de Saint-Hilaire





© R. Bour

Phrynops tuberosus (Peters, 1870)

Holotype:  ZMB 166 (Museum für Naturkunde, Universitat Humboldt Berlin, Allemagne)
Nom d'origine: Platemys tuberosa
Collected: ?
Type Locality: "British Guiana".
Etymology: ?
Publication: Peters, W.K.H. 1870. Über Platemys tuberosa, eine neue Art von Schildkröten aus British-Guiana. Sitz. Akad. Wiss. Wien 1870: 311-313.
Common Name english: Peters’ side-necked turtle
Nom commun français: Platémyde à dos rugeux

Phrynops williamsi Rhodin & Mittermeier, 1983

Holotype:  MCZ 64135 (Museum of Comparative Zoology Cambridge, USA)
Nom d'origine: Phrynops williamsi
Collected: H. von Ihering
Type Locality: "Rio Cadéa, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil"
Etymology: en l’honneur de E.E. Williams
Publication: Rhodin, A.G.J. & R.A. Mittermeier. 1983. Description of Phrynops williamsi, a new species of chelid turtle of the South American P. geoffroanus complex. Pp. 58-73. In Rhodin, A.G.J. & K. Miyata (eds). Adyances in Herpetology and Evolutionary Biology: Essays in Honor of Ernest E. Williams. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard Univ., Cambridge.
Common Name english: Williams' Side-necked Turtle
Nom commun français: Platémyde de Williams




© President and Fellows of Harvard College and the MCZ Herpetology Collection

Rhinemys rufipes (Spix, 1824)

Holotype: ZSM 3006/0 Zoologisches Sammlung des Bayerischen Staates Munchen, Allemagne)
Nom d'origine: Emys rufipes
Collected: ?
Type Locality: "Rio Solimoens"
Etymology: ?
Publication: Spix, J.B. von. 1824. Animalia nova; sive, Species novae Testudinum et Ranarum, quas in itinere per Brasiliam annis 1817-20 collegit et descripsit. F.S. Hübschmann, Münehen. iv + 53 p., 22 pls.
Common Name english: Red Side-necked Turtle
Nom commun français: Platémyde à pieds rouges

Platemys platycephala (Schneider, 1792)

Holotype: ?
Nom d'origine: Testudo platycephala, Testudo planiceps
Collected: ?
Type Locality: "Ost-Indien" (réctification “Cayenne, French Guiana" par by Ernst (1983d:350)
Etymology: ?
Publication: Schneider, J.G. 1792. Beschreibung und Abbildung einer neuen Art von Wasserschildkröte nebst Bestimmungen einiger bisher wenig bekannten fremden Arten. Schrift. Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin 10: 259-283.
Common Name english: Twist-necked Turtle
Nom commun français: Platémyde à tête plate

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